Taxonomy and naming
The genus name for this fish was once Pseudotropheus but that name is now restricted to different fish. Most ichthyological taxonomists place the species in Maylandia, though Ad Konings and thus much of the aquarium-related literature use Metriaclima instead.
Maylandia estherae is endemic to Lake Malawi. Mainly in the north and northwest parts of the lake.
Females can grow up to 10 cm (4 in) while males will grow up to 12.7 cm (5.0 in).
Despite their “red zebra” name, these fish most commonly have blue stripes as well, but they are sexually dimorphic, the males sometimes having reddish stripes